Muso-ryu jo is said to be the oldest style
in Japan for using a stick (jo) in combat. It was founded
in the early 17th century by Muso Gonnosuke Katsuyoshi,
an exponent of Tenshinsho-den Katori Shinto-ryu. Shinto
Muso-ryu oral tradition maintains that Gonnosuke once fought
Miyamoto Musashi, one of the most famous swordsmen of the
time, with a staff (bo) in a training match and was defeated
by Musashi's cross-block (jujidome) technique.
to legend, Gonnosuke was dissatisfied with this outcome
and retired to Mt. Homan, in what is now Fukuoka Prefecture,
in Kyushu, where he engaged in a series of religious austerities,
all the while contemplating the reasons for his defeat.
Finally, he received "divine" inspiration about
a new method of using a staff-like weapon, making it shorter
(128cm) and thinner (26mm) for more rapid manipulation.
He devised a number of techniques for this new weapon, which
he called a stick (jo) (as opposed to staff or bo), that
included the use of the thrust of a spear, strike of a sword
and staff and sweep of a naginata. Factual documents of
the ryugi are quite rare. It is said that there is
a record at Tsukuba Shrine, in Ibaragi Prefecture, that
reports that Gonnosuke was able to defeat Musashi in a rematch.
Curriculum, Transmission and Training
is conducted in formal two person pre-arranged kata. In
Shinto Muso-ryu jo there are a
total of 64 kata which are divided into a number of
sets, each with a different character. Training is systematic
and develops the exponent's technical skills and psychological
abilities, from body movement and weapons handling to the
proper use of targeting, distancing and timing, and intense
mental and spiritual training, all originally aimed to enable
the exponent to successfully use the weapon in mortal combat.
Exponents begin their study of jo by learning a set of twelve
basic techniques (kihon waza), which contain all the essential
movements of the style. They then proceed through different
sets of techniques of stick versus sword(s): omote, chudan,
ran-ai, kage, samidare, gohon-no-midare, and okuden. A final
set, the gokui hiden (also called gomuso-no-jo), consists
of techniques that are taught only to exponents who have
received a menkyo-kaiden, the highest level in
included in the curriculum of Shinto Muso-ryu are
twelve kata of the swordsmanship system called Shinto-ryu
kenjutsu. The first eight kata are long sword vs long
sword, followed by four kata that are long sword vs
short sword. Authentic schools of Shinto Muso-ryu do not offer Shinto-ryu kenjutsu as a separate art, and consider it as omote for uchidachi's role in Shinto Muso-ryu with ura being the actual uchidachi kata of Shinto Muso-ryu jo. However, Shinto-ryu kenjutsu is not taught at the outset of an exponent's training.
are five levels of recognition in Shinto Muso-ryu. They
are okuiri-sho, shomokuroku, gomokuroku,
menkyo and menkyo-kaiden. Holders of menkyo and menkyo-kaiden
are the only people with a traditional "license", "qualification" or "certification" to legitimately represent the ryu in any official capacity, with the latter able to issue mokuroku and menkyo in Shinto Muso-ryu.
Okuiri-sho and mokuroku holders are essentially training assistants of kaiden-sha, not independent licensed teachers or transmitters of the ryu nor afforded the title of "Sensei" within the ryu. From the perspective of the ryu and densho each kaiden-sha is, in fact, the embodiment of the ryu as a Shihanke of their own Iemoto.
Therefore, an okuiri-sho or mokuroku absent a contuining active connection to a kaiden-sha holds little meaning, in and of itself, in terms of the densho. Such could be considered as an acknowledged practitioner of the ryu just doing and able to lead Keiko to varying levels rather than engaged in the process of transmission and possible succession of the ryu.
addition to Shinto Muso-ryu jo and Shinto-ryu kenjutsu, a number of associated
arts are taught during an exponent's training.
These are considered assimilated arts within Shinto Muso-ryu and include
Uchida-ryu Tanjo (walking stick)
- Ikkaku-ryu Jutte (truncheon - pictured left)
- Isshin-ryu Kusarigama (ball, chain and sickle)
Hojo (rope tying & restraining)
authentic Shinto Muso-ryu dojo, both inside and outside of Japan, these assimilated arts as well as Shinto-ryu kenjutsu are taught in a particular order and at certain specific points in a exponent's progression within Shinto Muso-ryu as a whole for several very important reasons. As such, they're not taught separately or to beginners.
 for more related infromation refer to Jodo-Jikai by Nishioka Tsuneo - Chapter - About the transmission of Jo - sections on Articles page.
is adapted from "Field Guide to
the Japanese Classical Martial Arts" in Sword &
Spirit: Classical Warrior Traditions of Japan, volume two by Meik & Diane Skoss.
©1999 Koryu Books.
"(In the world of martial arts) there are no kata as thoroughly developed as Shinto Muso-ryu Jojutsu's.
I believe Shinto Muso-ryu jojutsu is a national treasure." - Nakayama Hakudo